March 2003

“Logic,” pages 64–93 in Fundamentals of Philosophy, edited by John Shand, Routledge, 2003.

An introduction to the formal and philosophical logic, for a general introductory handbook to philosophy. I introduce the concepts of deductive and inductive validity, formal languages, proofs, models, soundness and completeness, and many other things besides.

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You are welcome to download and read this document. I welcome feedback on it. Please check the final published version if you wish to cite it. Thanks.


I’m Greg Restall, and this is my personal website. I am the Shelby Cullom Davis Professor of Philosophy at the University of St Andrews, and the Director of the Arché Philosophical Research Centre for Logic, Language, Metaphysics and Epistemology I like thinking about – and helping other people think about – logic and philosophy and the many different ways they can inform each other.


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