A Participatory Theory of the Atonement

March 2008

(with Tim Bayne) “A Participatory Theory of the Atonement,” pages 150–166 in New Waves in Philosophy of Religion, edited by Yujin Nagasawa and Erik Wielenberg, Palgrave, 2008.

We argue that the participatory language, used in the New Testament to describe the the efficacy of Jesus’ death on the cross, is essential for any understanding of the atonement. Purely personal or legal metaphors are incomplete and perhaps misleading on their own. They make much more sense when combined with and undergirded by, participatory metaphors.

 download pdf

You are welcome to download and read this document. I welcome feedback on it. Please check the final published version if you wish to cite it. Thanks.


I’m Greg Restall, and this is my personal website. I am the Shelby Cullom Davis Professor of Philosophy at the University of St Andrews, and the Director of the Arché Philosophical Research Centre for Logic, Language, Metaphysics and Epistemology I like thinking about – and helping other people think about – logic and philosophy and the many different ways they can inform each other.


To receive updates from this site, subscribe to the RSS feed in your feed reader. Alternatively, follow me at  @consequently@hcommons.social, where most updates are posted.


This site is powered by Netlify, GitHub, Hugo, Bootstrap, and coffee.   ¶   © 1992– Greg Restall.